Headquarters and Headquarters Squadron 38 was formed on 1 September 1967 at Marine Corps Air Station El Toro. The squadron deployed to Saudi Arabia in August 1990 in support of Operation Desert Shield which would transition to Operation Desert Storm in January 1991. The squadron returned to MCAS El Toro in March 1991. Elements of the squadron deployed to Somalia in December 1992 to support Operation Restore Hope. They remained there until February 1993. On 1 May 1993 the squadron was re-designated as ‘’Marine Tactical Air Command Squadron 38’’.
Operation Iraqi Freedom
In early 2003, MTACS-38 deployed to Kuwait where they established the TACC at Ahmed Al Jaber Air Base. From there they supported the 2003 invasion of Iraq by managing the assets of the 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing which was in support of I Marine Expeditionary Force. MTACS-38 subsequently deployed for tours up to a year long in Iraq in 2004, 2006, and 2008 to Al Asad Air Base in Al Anbar Province .
Operation Enduring Freedom
In April 2010, MTACS-38 deployed to Afghanistan for the first time in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. They supported combat operations in support of I MEF for a year while based at Camp Leatherneck. They were relieved by MTACS-28 in March 2011. In February 2012, MTACS-38 once again deployed to Camp Leatherneck, Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. They were relieved by MTACS-28 in February 2013. In January 2014, MTACS-38 deployed for the third and final time to Camp Leatherneck, Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. During that time the Marines of MTACS-38 assisted with the teardown in preparation for withdrawal. MTACS-38 left Afghanistan for the last time in November 2014.